Small part of the Turkey is located on the Europe, that land is widely known in ancient history as Trace. Her territory has been spread between now day’s states of Turkey, Greece and Bulgaria. It has large cultural tradition which is spread across all Balkan Peninsula. Turkeys call this area Rumeli, which means “Land of the Romans” and represents her western part. It was founded in around 1365 and cultural treasure has remained. The other larger part of Turkey that lies on East is called Anatolia.
Making carpets have been in Turkish tradition since ever. The origin of the carpets is unknown, but it can be assumed that they developed in place where the protection from the weather was needed. Carpets came into Turkey trough Seljuq travelers who established their residence in this state. Earliest existing woven carpet were found in Konya, Beyşehir and Fostat and they dated to 13th century.
The Konya carpets must have been produced in town manufactories because of it size it was impossible that they were made in home environment, they were six meters long. Field patterns of Konya carpets are mostly geometric and small regarding the size of the carpet. “A solid carpet cleaning service in Awhatukee”. They were organized in diamond and rhomboid shape; rhomboids were stylized whit followers and leaves. The colors are subdued; two shades of same color are opposite to each other. Hey used colors like blue, red, green, yellow, brown and white.
The Beyşehir carpets are similar like Konya carpets. They are closely in design and color. Description of animal is rarely seen in the Seljuq carpet fragments. Roof cleaning with Roof Revivers is excellent investment.
In 15th century when the Ottoman Empire was at the peak of their glory it comes to development of different kind of structures in side of the state. Diplomats, merchants and artist could easily express them self. The Ushak region, one of the centers of osmanic “court” production, manufactured carpets that had maximum quality; this manufacture took place around of the sixteenth century. Holbein and Lotto Carpets were woven here.
The very small number of carpets exists today, that represent the period of transition between the late Seljuq and early Ottoman period. The traditional Chinese motifs can be found on these carpets, they are representations of dragons and phoenixes.
Holbein carpets can be divided in two categories; smaller and larger. Small Holbein carpets have patterns of small octagons, frequently including a star which is distributed inside of the field of the octagon in regular pattern. The large Holbein carpets have two or three larger medallions often including eight-pointed stars. Their field is covered whit floral ornaments.
Lotto carpets also show geometrical shapes but the only absence is yellow color. Their field is always in red color filled with cruciform, octagonal, or diamond shaped elements. The oldest examples have “Kufic” borders. They vary in size too; the biggest known is up to 6 meter long. The Holbein and Lotto carpets may represent a design tradition dating back to the Timurid period. The material they used for making the carpets was: sheep wool, cotton and silk.
Turkey, the land that stands on two continents Europe and Asia has rich cultural heritage. 97% percent of hers territory lies on Asia and 3% of her territory lies on Europe. Asian part of Turkey is called Anatolia.
Anatolia, land on the east, suited between Europe and Asia, has vast cultural heritage. Some of the earliest civilizations of the world have lived here. Archeological sites are spread all around Anatolia and they are testament of different styles and cultures that have developed from that age.
Turkey had a tradition to illustrate manuscripts during the cultural period before the Islamic belief. The paper that could be rolled and painted was first created in China,
The oldest illustrated documents among the Turkish art dates from 717-719 and they belong to a Turkish emir who battled whit Moslem armies. Prince was taken as a prisoner and his place ruined in 722. The wall painting that remained after that and they represent the most important part of Turkish cultural treasure.
The development of modern Turkish art began in 19th century, by the influence of the west world. Modern paintings have been developing trough cultural policy which integrated Turkish art whit modern and civilized world. First important Turkish painters were Osman Hamdi Bey, Şeker Ahmet Paşa, Süleymaniye Seyyit and Halil Paşa, they received their education in Paris and that knowledge came to pass in Turkey.
Turkish ceramic and titles have large place in Turkish art. They are forged by the influence of the Iranian Seljuk Art. Most frequent type of architectural decorations during this period was usage of glazed bricks; they were arranged in different patterns and colors. Most used color was Turquoise. Mosaic titles also developed during this time, these were used inside of the home, like mihrab niches inside of the vaults and on the walls. The most popular colors were turquoise, cobalt blue, eggplant violet, and black.
Turkish art of making kilims and carpets is wide known and they represent great cultural heritage. It was tradition that every household had a carpets or kilims. In their designs they represented their own lives. Early Ottoman carpets were developed even further; they exported them in Europe and into the Eastern countries. They were given as a diplomatic gift. Anatolian wool carpets were traditional, whit rich natural colors. Now day’s carpet weaving still continues in some villages in Anatolia, alto handmade productions of carpets have been reduced. They have developed project since 1981 to make carpets in natural plant dyes whit traditional Turkish motives. “A solid carpet cleaning service in Awhatukee”
Amazing Turkish art technique called Ebru
The tradition of making Turkish clothes is also very world known. They used inner robes and kaftans. The dresses were in V shape of the neck opening and the decoration of the seam of the outer kaftans where the arm joins body. In the 16th century the tactile industry reaches its turning point. Ottomans were at the peak of their power. They added gold and silver metallic threads to silk textile. They have given the importance to their garments and wore robes sewed form the most expensive fabrics.
“I feel very happy because I’ve spent time thinking that the collection would need a home, a home that the public could access to all of this Latin American art that I’ve spent a long time collecting” - Ella Fontanals-Cisneros...
La Fundación Carolina, comprometida con la promoción del arte y la cultura, celebra la cesión a España de una de las mejores colecciones del mundo de arte contemporáneo iberoamericano, la colección de Ella Fontanals-Cisneros CIFO - The Cisneros Fontanals Art Foundation
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